Water and wastewater systems play a vital role in the health of communities and their residents. Well-run water and wastewater systems can be a catalyst for economic development and enhance the quality of life experienced by the people living and working in the community. However, utility systems require annual investment in updating infrastructure and competent operation of treatment facilities and piping systems to mitigate inefficiencies which can inappropriately result in higher rates for service and deter residential and commercial growth. Thriving communities are typically those areas able to provide a dependable water supply and waste management at reasonable prices.
Many areas of the country are experiencing rapid growth or diminishing water supply availability due to drought or natural occurrences. The water and wastewater utilities that serve these areas face a greater need for timely investment in infrastructure and efficient operation processes. Water loss through pipe failures and leakage, lack of process monitoring, and inefficient water metering are major factors that contribute to the depletion of aquifers and usage restrictions. These issues can be addressed and improved, which should be the first activities undertaken by utility providers.
Water loss in utility systems occurs through various channels, such as leaky pipes, faulty fittings, inaccurate metering, and unauthorized use. These losses have a detrimental impact on water availability, economic efficiency, and environmental sustainability.
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